Volume 18

CRISPR GMOs

Volume 18, Issue 4 (Jun 2017)

A genome editing revolution of unprecedented magnitude— spearheaded by a scientific breakthrough called CRISPR—is underway. This powerful technology has enabled scientists to precisely edit genes and is challenging long-held conventions of how humans view life. The incipient power to control and alter the genetic destiny of living organisms, including plants and animals intended for human

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Paul Enríquez, CRISPR GMOs, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. 432 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/CRISPR-GMOs_Enríquez_Final_copy.pdf.

Grid Modernization and Energy Poverty

Volume 18, Issue 4 (Jun 2017)

Grid modernization holds the alluring promise of rationalizing electricity pricing, saving consumers money, and improving environmental quality all at the same time. Yet, we have seen only limited and patchwork regulatory initiatives towards significant grid modernization in the United States. Outside of a few leading states, state energy regulators appear loath to embrace full- throated

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Shelley Welton, Grid Modernization and Energy Poverty, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. 565 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Welton_copy.pdf.

An Inclusive Energy Transition: Expanding Low-Income Access to Clean Energy Programs

Volume 18, Issue 4 (Jun 2017)

An array of new state policies and declining costs for clean energy technologies have opened electricity markets to many new participants, including electric utilities’ own customers. Most low- income customers, however, lack the resources to access these markets. Indeed, low-income customers already face disproportionately high energy and transportation burdens. Regulators and utilities have expressed concerns

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Melissa Powers, An Inclusive Energy Transition: Expanding Low-Income Access to Clean Energy Programs, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. 540 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Powers_copy.pdf.

Demand Response’s Three Generations: Market Pathways and Challenges in the Modern Electric Grid

Volume 18, Issue 4 (Jun 2017)

Through a historical analysis spanning nearly five decades, this Article provides a comprehensive discussion of how demand response (reductions in electricity consumption in response to grid emergencies or price signals) has become both a growing resource on the electric grid and a policy trailblazer in the grid’s ongoing transformation. The discussion centers on three separate

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Joel B. Eisen, Demand Response’s Three Generations: Market Pathways and Challenges in the Modern Electric Grid, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. 351 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Eisen_copy.pdf.

Uber and the Communications Decency Act: Why the Ride-Hailing App Would Not Fare Well Under § 230

Volume 18, Issue 3 (May 2017)

Uber, a company that offers ride-sharing arrangements through its smartphone app, has quickly grown in popularity. As Uber grows in widespread use, injuries involving rides arranged through Uber have been on the rise. Uber maintains that it is a technology platform that connects users on its app, not a transportation company. Such a characterization would

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Adeline A. Allen, Uber and the Communications Decency Act: Why the Ride-Hailing App Would Not Fare Well Under § 230, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. 290 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Allen_Final2.pdf.

Exporting Components of Patented Products: A Unique Way to Infringe

Volume 18, Issue 3 (May 2017)

For the most part, United States patent law is only concerned with activities that take place in the United States and its territories. One of the rare exceptions to this may be found in 35 U.S.C. § 271(f). The first part of this statute makes it an act of infringement for a party in the

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Michael A. Sanzo, Exporting Components of Patented Products: A Unique Way to Infringe, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. 322 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Sanzo_Final2.pdf.

After MCM, A Second Look: Article I Invalidation of Issued Patents for Intellectual Property Still Likely Unconstitutional After Stern v. Marshall

Volume 18, Online Edition (May 2017)

Michael Rothwell previously published an article, Patents and Public Rights: The Questionable Constitutionality of Patents Before Article I Tribunals After Stern v. Marshall, in JOLT’s Volume 13, back in 2012. In response to a rebuttal piece, Michael Rothwell wrote this current piece to further discuss the relevant issues of the constitutionality of Article I post-grant

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Michael I. Rothwell, After MCM, A Second Look: Article I Invalidation of Issued Patents for Intellectual Property Still Likely Unconstitutional After Stern v. Marshall, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. On. 1 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Rothwell_Final2-copy.pdf.

More Sense than Money: National Charter Option for FinTech Firms is the Right Choice

Volume 18, Online Edition (Apr 2017)

The financial technology field is a rapidly growing sector that threatens to disrupt established financial institutions and their accompanying regulatory structure. New types of financial services and products do not fit neatly into the current regulatory landscape, which has hampered growth and competition with traditional financial institutions. This article advances the idea that the Office

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J. Parker Murphy, More Sense than Money: National Charter Option for FinTech Firms is the Right Choice, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. On. 359 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Murphy_Final-copy.pdf.

Evidentiary Standards for Drug Approvals in the 21st Century Cures Act: A Continued Trend Towards Valuing Access over Safety for Pharmaceutical Drugs

Volume 18, Online Edition (Apr 2017)

The Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”), tasked with promoting and protecting public health, has long been recognized as the gatekeeper for drugs. However, the agency has not been immune from criticism from patients and industry stakeholders over its time-consuming and clinical data-driven approval processes, alleged to hinder potentially effective drugs from reaching the market as

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Farrah R. Raja, Evidentiary Standards for Drug Approvals in the 21st Century Cures Act: A Continued Trend Towards Valuing Access over Safety for Pharmaceutical Drugs, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. On. 409 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Raja_Final-copy.pdf.

Tracking Criminals with Internet Protocol Addresses: Is Law Enforcement Correctly Identifying Perpetrators?

Volume 18, Online Edition (Apr 2017)

Technology’s ever-changing pace has left law enforcement officials with the job of finding legal ways to investigate and search suspected criminal activity. The advent of the Internet has left these officials with a challenging landscape to navigate regarding what is considered a search and what constitutes probable cause to obtain a search warrant based on

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Erin Larson, Tracking Criminals with Internet Protocol Addresses: Is Law Enforcement Correctly Identifying Perpetrators?, 18 N.C.J.L. & Tech. On. 316 (2017), http://ncjolt.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Larson_Final-copy.pdf.

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